Research

Regression Techniques

Like the other statistical techniques we’ve talked about, regression techniques allow us to examine the relationship between two variables. But the regression techniques go a step beyond the Chi-Square and T-Test because they allow us to examine the relationship of multiple variables.

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The T-Test

On Wednesday we used a T-Test to see if there was a difference in mean labor time between women who worked as a doula for income and those that worked as a doula for hobby. The next obvious question is, what is

Research

What is a Confidence Interval?

On Monday we talked about how p-values tell us the probability of obtaining the result if the null hypothesis (the status quo) is true.  Today we turn our attention to the confidence interval and the additional information using a confidence interval provides.

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What is a p-value?

We’ve talked about data and the descriptive statistics.  We’ve talked about the measures we use and stratifying by populations and sub populations to assess disparities.  We talked about the types of studies and last week we moved into our first statistical test

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A Literature Example

In this study, Pregnancy outcome in women with previous one cesarean section, the authors did many statistical comparisons of the data. One comparison is easily understood with a chi-square – does having a previous vaginal delivery increase the success rate of VBAC?

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Odds And Risk Ratios

Before we move into our example study we need to spend a few minutes on the difference between risk and odds.  It can be difficult to understand, but it is important for interpretation of studies. When research presents risk, what is being

Research

The Chi-Square Statistic

  We have been talking about statistics, and how to understand the statistics piece of a research article. Today we will start looking at the most common statistical tests used in health-care research. We will not talk about how to do these

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Why we use statistics

You’ve designed your study, recruited a sample and collected data. Maybe your study finds 20% of the women who gave birth at a birth center had at least a second degree tear, while 25% of the women who gave birth at a

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Types of Studies

No doubt you’ve seen something like this hierarchy of studies from Duke University’s Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice site. In this hierarchy, the studies are classified by the type of sample used. Types of Samples In a case study or case report, the sample

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Disparities

When we compare two populations and find a difference in a health outcome, we want to look more closely to determine if that outcome difference is due to a difference in health related characteristics or non-health related characteristics.  When the difference is